This article was originally published here
J Pediatr Nurs. 2021 Feb 14;60:24-30. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2021.01.022. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Well-child care is the foundation of pediatric health promotion and disease prevention. Primary care quality is lower for low-income and African American children compared to white children, and social determinants have an increasingly acknowledged impact on child health. Ensuring that high-quality well-child care fulfills its potential to mitigate the negative effects of social determinants on African American children is imperative. This study provides an understanding of urban, low-income, African American well-child care experiences and expectations.
DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative, focus group method was used. A purposive, volunteer sample of low-income, African American parents with children birth to age five was recruited from St. Louis and Milwaukee. Focus groups were held in convenient, community sites. Data was audio-digitally recorded. Transcribed data were coded and analyzed through inductive content analysis.
RESULTS: Thirty-five caregivers, 86% females, participated in four focus groups. Categories (and sub-categories) identified include: Community factors (We want better schools, It’s getting more rough where I live); Sources of parenting advice (Google it, Call your parent, Older remedies); System challenges (Cost, Frequent new faces, Politics); Challenges with providers (Couldn’t help me, Missed something important, Treated differently, Are you really listening?); Anticipatory guidance (Breastfeeding, Discipline, Vaccines, Development); and What parents desire (Know them, trust).
CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals the contexts that give rise to health care disparities and provides insight into parent’s healthcare behaviors.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Results offer providers guidance in providing well-child care for this population to improve pediatric care quality and child health.