An earlier version of this research was presented at the National Bureau of Economic Research COVID-19 and Health Outcomes Conference (virtual); December 4, 2020. Maria Polyakova and Victoria Udalova contributed equally as co–first authors. The authors thank the National Institute on Aging (Grant No. R01-AG032449; Amy Finkelstein, principal investigator) and the National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation (Polyakova, principal investigator) for financial support and James Okun for outstanding research assistance. Any conclusions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Census Bureau. All results were approved for release by the Disclosure Review Board of the Census Bureau, Authorization No. CBDRB-FY21-ERD002-003. All numeric values were rounded according to Census Bureau disclosure protocols to preserve data privacy.