Xiaojiao Jia, Lanxiang Liu, Rui Wang, Xiaoli Liu, Binbin Liu, Ning Ma, Qiang Lu
Department of Endocrinology, The First Hospital of Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao 066000, Hebei Province, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Qiang Lu
Department of Endocrinology, The First Hospital of Qinhuangdao, No. 258 Wenhua Road, Qinhuangdao 066000, Hebei Province, People’s Republic of China
Background: Several studies have reported the relationship of diabetes mellitus (DM) and obesity with bone mineral density (BMD), but the conclusions remain unclear. This study aimed to provide more information for the relationship of plasma glucose and abdominal visceral fat (AVF) with BMD and bone mineral content (BMC) in women with different glucose metabolism status.
Methods: Patients were screened by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and were divided into three groups: normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n=132), pre-diabetes mellitus (pre-DM, n=28) and newly diagnosed type 2 DM (T2DM, n=27) groups. Plasma glucose concentrations, anthropometric measurements, body composition, and BMD were measured. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), pearson correlation, and multiple linear regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between BMD, plasma glucose, AVF, and other variables.
Results: The percentage of subjects with osteoporosis or low BMD was 29.9%, and 66.7% subjects in T2DM group were significantly higher than that in the pre-DM (28.6%) and NGT (22.7%) groups (p=0.005 and p< 0.001, respectively). Both BMD at femoral neck (FN) and lumbar spine (LS) of T2DM group were lower than those in NGT group (p=0.009 and p=0.003, respectively), and BMC of T2DM group was lower than those of NGT and pre-DM groups (p< 0.001). The results of statistical analysis revealed that both two-hour plasma glucose (2-h PG) and age showed negative correlation with BMC, FN BMD, and LS BMD. AVF showed positive correlation with BMC and LS BMD. Furthermore, the lean mass (LM) showed independent positive effects on BMC.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that 1) Age is a strong negative predictor of bone mass. 2) A direct negative effect of increasing 2-h PG might be more prominent at bone mass in women. 3) A moderate increase in AVF is beneficial to bone mass, while excessive increase might be harmful. 4) LM is a positive predictor of BMC.
Keywords: abdominal visceral fat, abnormal glucose metabolism, two-hour plasma glucose, bone mineral density, bone mineral content
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